Spatial organization and diet of the leopard cat ( Prionailurus bengalensis ) in northcentral Thailand Academic Article uri icon


  • The leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis is a relatively common, small felid ranging throughout Asia. During the past 15 years the natural history of leopard cats has been the topic of five studies; however, the mean sample size of study animals has been low (x- = 6.8, range 4-10). We report on the most comprehensive study of leopard cats to date. Between June 1999 and February 2003, 20 leopard cats (14 males and six females) were radio-collared and tracked from 3 to 20 months in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. Spatial organization of the leopard cats was characterized as weakly territorial with similar intrasexual range sizes and minimal seasonal variation. Mean ( SD) annual home-range (95% minimum convex polygon) size for males was 12.4 km2 (n = 1211 locations, 7.1, range 2.2-28.9), whereas females exhibited a mean home-range size of 14 km2 (n = 470, 12.2, range 4.4-37.1). Core area (50% minimum convex polygon) averaged 2.0 km2, and the mean 1-day movement was 1298 m ( 981, range 35-8653). Habitat use was generally in proportion to occurrence, and the mean activity (52%) was arrhythmic with crepuscular and nocturnal peaks. Analysis of scats indicated that murids dominated leopard cat diet. 2005 The Zoological Society of London.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Zoology

altmetric score

  • 7.35

author list (cited authors)

  • Grassman, L. I., Tewes, M. E., Silvy, N. J., & Kreetiyutanont, K.

citation count

  • 64

complete list of authors

  • Grassman, Lon I||Tewes, Michael E||Silvy, Nova J||Kreetiyutanont, Kitti

publication date

  • May 2005