Spatial organization and diet of the leopard cat ( Prionailurus bengalensis ) in northcentral Thailand
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The leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis is a relatively common, small felid ranging throughout Asia. During the past 15 years the natural history of leopard cats has been the topic of five studies; however, the mean sample size of study animals has been low (x- = 6.8, range 4-10). We report on the most comprehensive study of leopard cats to date. Between June 1999 and February 2003, 20 leopard cats (14 males and six females) were radio-collared and tracked from 3 to 20 months in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. Spatial organization of the leopard cats was characterized as weakly territorial with similar intrasexual range sizes and minimal seasonal variation. Mean ( SD) annual home-range (95% minimum convex polygon) size for males was 12.4 km2 (n = 1211 locations, 7.1, range 2.2-28.9), whereas females exhibited a mean home-range size of 14 km2 (n = 470, 12.2, range 4.4-37.1). Core area (50% minimum convex polygon) averaged 2.0 km2, and the mean 1-day movement was 1298 m ( 981, range 35-8653). Habitat use was generally in proportion to occurrence, and the mean activity (52%) was arrhythmic with crepuscular and nocturnal peaks. Analysis of scats indicated that murids dominated leopard cat diet. 2005 The Zoological Society of London.
author list (cited authors)
Grassman, L. I., Tewes, M. E., Silvy, N. J., & Kreetiyutanont, K.
complete list of authors
Grassman, Lon I||Tewes, Michael E||Silvy, Nova J||Kreetiyutanont, Kitti