A Dual Approach to Constrained Interpolationfrom a Convex Subset of Hilbert Space
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Many interesting and important problems of best approximationare included in (or can be reduced to) one of the followingtype: in a Hilbert spaceX, find the best approximationPK(x) to anyx∈Xfrom the setKC∩A-1(b),whereCis a closed convex subset ofX,Ais a bounded linearoperator fromXinto a finite-dimensional Hilbert spaceY, andb∈Y. The main point of this paper is to show thatPK(x)isidenticaltoPC(x+A*y) - the best approximationto a certain perturbationx+A*yofx - from the convexsetCor from a certain convex extremal subsetCbofC. Thelatter best approximation is generally much easier to computethan the former. Prior to this, the result had been known onlyin the case of a convex cone or forspecialdata sets associatedwith a closed convex set. In fact, we give anintrinsic characterizationof those pairs of setsCandA-1(b) for which this canalways be done. Finally, in many cases, the best approximationPC(x+A*y) can be obtained numerically from existingalgorithms or from modifications to existing algorithms. Wegive such an algorithm and prove its convergence © 1997 Academic Press.
author list (cited authors)
Deutsch, F., Li, W. u., & Ward, J. D.