Quantum phase estimation using a multi-headed cat state Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2015 Optical Society of America. It was recently shown that an entangled coherent state, which is a superposition of two different coherent states, can surpass the performance of noon state in estimating an unknown phase shift. This may hint at further enhancement in phase estimation by incorporating more component states in the superposition of resource state. We here introduce a four-headed cat state (4HCS), a superposition of four different coherent states, and propose its application to quantum phase estimation. We demonstrate the enhanced performance in phase estimation by employing an entangled state via the 4HCS, which can surpass that of the two-headed cat state (2HCS), particularly in the regime of small average photon numbers. Moreover, we show that an entangled state modified from the 4HCS can further enhance the phase estimation, even in the regime of large average photon number under a photon-loss channel. Our investigation further extends to incorporate an increasingly large number of component states in the resource superposition state and clearly show its merit in phase estimation.

published proceedings

  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, S., Lee, C., Nha, H., & Kaszlikowski, D

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Su-Yong||Lee, Chang-Woo||Nha, Hyunchul||Kaszlikowski, Dagomir

publication date

  • June 2015