Second-Order Sliding Mode Strategy for Air–Fuel Ratio Control of Lean-Burn SI Engines Academic Article uri icon


  • Higher fuel economy and lower exhaust emissions for spark-ignition engines depend significantly on precise air-fuel ratio (AFR) control. However, the presence of large time-varying delay due to the additional modules integrated with the catalyst in the lean-burn engines is the primary limiting factor in the control of AFR. In this paper, the engine dynamics are rendered into a nonminimum phase system using Padé approximation. A novel systematic approach is presented to design a parameter-varying dynamic sliding manifold to compensate for the instability of the internal dynamics while achieving desired output tracking performance. A second-order sliding mode strategy is developed to control the AFR to remove the effects of time-varying delay, canister purge disturbance, and measurement noise. The chattering-free response of the proposed controller is compared with conventional dynamic sliding mode control. The results of applying the proposed method to the experimental data demonstrate improved closed-loop system responses for various operating conditions. © 2013 IEEE.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ebrahimi, B., Tafreshi, R., Mohammadpour, J., Franchek, M., Grigoriadis, K., & Masudi, H.

citation count

  • 31

publication date

  • June 2014