Injectable PolyMIPE Scaffolds for Soft Tissue Regeneration. Academic Article uri icon


  • Injury caused by trauma, burns, surgery, or disease often results in soft tissue loss leading to impaired function and permanent disfiguration. Tissue engineering aims to overcome the lack of viable donor tissue by fabricating synthetic scaffolds with the requisite properties and bioactive cues to regenerate these tissues. Biomaterial scaffolds designed to match soft tissue modulus and strength should also retain the elastomeric and fatigue-resistant properties of the tissue. Of particular design importance is the interconnected porous structure of the scaffold needed to support tissue growth by facilitating mass transport. Adequate mass transport is especially true for newly implanted scaffolds that lack vasculature to provide nutrient flux. Common scaffold fabrication strategies often utilize toxic solvents and high temperatures or pressures to achieve the desired porosity. In this study, a polymerized medium internal phase emulsion (polyMIPE) is used to generate an injectable graft that cures to a porous foam at body temperature without toxic solvents. These poly(ester urethane urea) scaffolds possess elastomeric properties with tunable compressive moduli (20-200 kPa) and strengths (4-60 kPa) as well as high recovery after the first conditioning cycle (97-99%). The resultant pore architecture was highly interconnected with large voids (0.5-2 mm) from carbon dioxide generation surrounded by water-templated pores (50-300 m). The ability to modulate both scaffold pore architecture and mechanical properties by altering emulsion chemistry was demonstrated. Permeability and form factor were experimentally measured to determine the effects of polyMIPE composition on pore interconnectivity. Finally, initial human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) cytocompatibility testing supported the use of these candidate scaffolds in regenerative applications. Overall, these injectable polyMIPE foams show strong promise as a biomaterial scaffold for soft tissue repair.

published proceedings

  • Polymer (Guildf)

altmetric score

  • 7

author list (cited authors)

  • Moglia, R. S., Robinson, J. L., Muschenborn, A. D., Touchet, T. J., Maitland, D. J., & Cosgriff-Hernandez, E.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Moglia, Robert S||Robinson, Jennifer L||Muschenborn, Andrea D||Touchet, Tyler J||Maitland, Duncan J||Cosgriff-Hernandez, Elizabeth

publication date

  • January 2014