The plasticizer BBP selectively inhibits epigenetic regulator sirtuin during differentiation of C3H10T1/2 stem cell line. Academic Article uri icon


  • Exposure to environmental chemicals can perturb an individual's metabolic set point, especially during critical periods of development, and as a result increase his or her propensity towards obesity that is manifested later in life and possibly in successive generations. We hypothesized that benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), a widespread endocrine disruptor, may impair one important epigenetic regulator, sirtuin, in mesenchymal stem cells and induce adipogenesis. Our results showed that gene expression of two well-known adipogenic markers, aP2 and PPAR, were significantly increased from day 2 to day 8 under 50M BBP exposure when compared to control in C3H10T1/2 stem cells (p<0.05) and induced adipogenesis. Sirt1 gene expression was also significantly decreased at day 2, 4, 6, and 8 (p<0.05). However, Sirt7 gene expression was decreased only at day 2 and 8 (p<0.05) while other sirtuin transcriptional levels remained unaltered throughout. Furthermore, Sirt1 and Sirt3 protein expression was decreased (p<0.05) and overall protein hyperacetylation was observed at day 8. Furthermore, FOXO1 and -catenin, Sirt1 targets and adipogenesis regulators, were hyperacetylated at day 8. PGC1, NRF1, NRF2, and Tfam, were also significantly decreased (p<0.05). In conclusion, our study suggests for the first time that BBP, a potential epigenetic disruptor, can lead to increased adipogenesis and metabolic dysregulation by impairing vital epigenetic regulators.

published proceedings

  • Toxicol In Vitro

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, J., & Choudhury, M.

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Jian||Choudhury, Mahua

publication date

  • March 2017