Comparison of flow number, dynamic modulus, and repeated load tests for evaluation of HMA permanent deformation Academic Article uri icon


  • The primary objective of this study was to compare the flow number (FN), dynamic modulus (DM), and uniaxial repeated load permanent deformation (RLPD) laboratory tests, used to characterize the HMA mix rutting resistance potential, and establish if they could be reasonably related to each other, and whether, based on these correlations, one test method can be satisfactorily used in lieu of the others. In addition, the concept of FN Index was introduced to quantify the rutting resistance of HMA mixes. Laboratory test results indicated that the FN Index, in contrast to the classical FN (cycles) parameter, exhibited a better correlation with results of both the DM and RLPD tests.2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, J., Alvarez, A. E., Lee, S. I., Torres, A., & Walubita, L. F.

citation count

  • 74

publication date

  • July 2013