Why Porous Materials Have Selective Adsorptions: A Rational Aspect from Electrodynamics.
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Gas storage/separation is a typical application of porous materials such as metal organic frameworks (MOFs). The adsorption/separation behavior results from the host-guest and/or guest-guest interaction and equilibration (host, porous material; guest, adsorbates). Although the driving forces for gas adsorption have been investigated, a detailed picture of interactions between gas molecules and MOFs has not clearly emerged. Herein, a new cobalt microporous MOF [Co(tipb)(adc)](DMF)3(H2O)1.5, which possesses a rare self-interpenetrated gra topology, has been prepared with both tipb and H2adc ligands (tipb = 1,3,5-tris(p-imidazolylphenyl)benzene, adc = 9,10-anthracenedicarboxylate). This MOF shows high stability and exceptional selective adsorption of CO2 over N2, O2, and CH4. In particular, a theoretical assumption of a "regional dynamic electric field effect" is proposed to clarify the selective adsorption. Moreover, we suggest that the proposed effect may be one of the most important factors impacting gas separation and storage in porous materials.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, Q., Ma, Y., Song, W., Chang, Z. e., Li, J., Zhang, J., ... Bu, X.
complete list of authors
Chen, Qiang||Ma, Yuguang||Song, Wei-Chao||Chang, Ze||Li, Jian-Rong||Zhang, Jun||Sun, Hong-Wei||Balbuena, Perla B||Bu, Xian-He