An MFA optimization approach for pollution trading considering the sustainability of the surrounded watersheds Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper proposes a mathematical programming model for the pollution trading among different pollution sources which considers the sustainability of the surrounding watershed. The formulation involves the minimization of the costs associated to the implementation of the required technology to satisfy the environmental constraints in order to achieve optimal water quality conditions. The model uses a material flow analysis technique to represent changes on the behavior of the watershed due to the polluted discharges. The material flow analysis considers all discharges and extractions (i.e., industrial and residential discharges, pluvial precipitation, evaporation, etc.) as well as the chemical and biochemical reactions taking place in the watershed. In the context of pollution trading, the implementation of the proposed formulation determines if an industrial source must buy credits to compensate the violation of environmental constraints, or if it requires the installation of treatment technologies to sell credits to another source. The formulation was applied to a case study involving the drainage system of the Bahr El-Baqar region in Egypt; the results show the advantages of the proposed approach in terms of cost and sustainability. 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Lopez-Villarreal, F., Fernando Lira-Barragan, L., Rico-Ramirez, V., Maria Ponce-Ortega, R., & El-Halwagi, M. M.

citation count

  • 19

complete list of authors

  • López-Villarreal, Francisco||Lira-Barragán, Luis Fernando||Rico-Ramirez, Vicente||Ponce-Ortega, José María||El-Halwagi, Mahmoud M

publication date

  • April 2014