Absence of hyperlipidemia in LDL receptor-deficient mice having apolipoprotein B100 without the putative receptor-binding sequences.
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OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of apoB100 structure, specifically a mutation in the LDLr binding region, on the production of LDL and development of atherosclerosis in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ldlr(-/-)Apobec1(-/-) mice lacking the LDLR and apoB editing enzyme accumulated LDL in plasma and developed severe atherosclerosis when they had wild-type apoB100. In marked contrast, in Ldlr(-/-)Apobec1(-/-) mice carrying the Apob100-beta mutation, in the 2 putative LDLR-binding domains of apoB prevented both LDL accumulation and atherosclerosis. Intestinal absorption of lipids and triglyceride secretion from the liver were not affected. However, the VLDL particles with apoB100-beta were larger in volume by about 70%, and carried approximately four times as much apoE per particle. ApoB100-beta synthesis rate in the primary hepatocytes was normal, but its intracellular degradation was enhanced. Additionally, mutant apoB100 VLDL cleared from the circulation more quickly in vivo through apoE-LRP-mediated mechanism than VLDL with wild-type apoB100. In contrast, uptake of the 2 VLDL by macrophages were not different. CONCLUSIONS: While conformational change to apoB100 during conversion of VLDL to LDL exposes LDLR binding domains and facilitates LDLR-mediated lipoprotein clearance, it may also inhibit LRP-mediated VLDL uptake and contribute to LDL accumulation in familial hypercholesterolemia.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
author list (cited authors)
Johnson, L. A., Altenburg, M. K., Walzem, R. L., Scanga, L. T., & Maeda, N.
complete list of authors
Johnson, Lance A||Altenburg, Michael K||Walzem, Rosemary L||Scanga, Lori T||Maeda, Nobuyo