Mediating Effects of Family Social Support on Child Psychological Adjustment in Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This study assessed the mediating effects of social support on psychological adjustment in children having to cope with the ongoing chronic strain of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Disease activity, family social support, and peer social support were entered into hierarchical multiple regression analyses to statistically predict internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Family social support was a statistically significant predictor of child psychological adjustment for both internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, accounting for 22% of the variance in each. These findings are consistent with the stress-social support-psychological adjustment relationship that has received empirical attention in studies on physically healthy children. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for primary and secondary prevention efforts for those chronically ill and handicapped children who are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems.

author list (cited authors)

  • Varni, J. W., Wilcox, K. T., & Hanson, V.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Varni, JW||Wilcox, KT||Hanson, V

publication date

  • January 1988