Correlates of perceived physical appearance in children with congenital/acquired limb deficiencies.
Additional Document Info
Social support, daily hassles, marital discord, competence/adequacy, and psychological adjustment were investigated as hypothesized correlates of perceived physical appearance in 51 children with congenital or acquired limb deficiencies. Higher classmate, parent, and teacher social support were statistically predictive of higher perceived physical appearance. Higher daily hassles and marital discord were statistically predictive of lower perceived physical appearance. Higher peer acceptance, scholastic competence, and athletic competence were statistically predictive of higher perceived physical appearance. As a group, classmate, parent, and teacher social support, daily hassles, maternal and paternal perceived marital discord, peer acceptance, scholastic and athletic competence accounted for 78% of the variance in perceived physical appearance. Higher perceived physical appearance was in turn statistically predictive of lower depressive and anxious symptoms and higher general self-esteem. The findings are discussed in terms of the potentially modifiable predictors of perceived physical appearance and in terms of the role cosmetic differences play in psychological and social adaptation in children with visible physical handicaps.