Development of the Waldron/Varni pediatric pain coping inventory.
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The standardized assessment of pediatric pain coping strategies may substantively contribute to the conceptual understanding of individual differences in pediatric pain perception and report. The Waldron/Varni Pediatric Pain Coping Inventory (PPCI) was developed to be a standardized questionnaire to assess systematically children's pain coping strategies. The PPCI was administered to 187 children and adolescents experiencing musculoskeletal pain associated with rheumatologic diseases. A principal components analysis revealed a five-factor solution for the PPCI: (1) cognitive self-instruction, (2) seek social support, (3) strive to rest and be alone, (4) cognitive refocusing, and (5) problem-solving self-efficacy. The results of this research provide initial evidence that the PPCI is a conceptually valid and internally reliable measure for assessing pediatric pain coping strategies.