Development of the Waldron/Varni pediatric pain coping inventory. Academic Article uri icon


  • The standardized assessment of pediatric pain coping strategies may substantively contribute to the conceptual understanding of individual differences in pediatric pain perception and report. The Waldron/Varni Pediatric Pain Coping Inventory (PPCI) was developed to be a standardized questionnaire to assess systematically children's pain coping strategies. The PPCI was administered to 187 children and adolescents experiencing musculoskeletal pain associated with rheumatologic diseases. A principal components analysis revealed a five-factor solution for the PPCI: (1) cognitive self-instruction, (2) seek social support, (3) strive to rest and be alone, (4) cognitive refocusing, and (5) problem-solving self-efficacy. The results of this research provide initial evidence that the PPCI is a conceptually valid and internally reliable measure for assessing pediatric pain coping strategies.

published proceedings

  • Pain

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Varni, J. W., Waldron, S. A., Gragg, R. A., Rapoff, M. A., Bernstein, B. H., Lindsley, C. B., & Newcomb, M. D.

citation count

  • 109

complete list of authors

  • Varni, James W||Waldron, Stacy A||Gragg, Rod A||Rapoff, Michael A||Bernstein, Bram H||Lindsley, Carol B||Newcomb, Michael D

publication date

  • September 1996

published in