Social conditioning of health behaviors among adults in Croatia: the CroHort study. Academic Article uri icon


  • The primary objective of the study was to examine the relationship between generic and disease-specific HRQOL scores and metabolic control in children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). This cross-sectional study included 65 consecutive children between ages 5 and 18 years with T1DM. According to their values of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1C)), the children were assigned to one of two groups. In Group 1 (N = 21) were the children with HbA(1C) values < 8% (good to moderate metabolic control) and Group 2 (N = 44) were children with > 8% (poor metabolic control). To evaluate generic and disease-specific HRQOL scores in children with T1DM in relation to metabolic control, we used the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales and the PedsQL 3.0 Diabetes Module. The patients in Group 1, by pediatric patient self-report and parent proxy-report, had statistically better disease-specific HRQOL scores on the diabetes symptoms, treatment barriers, treatment adherence and worry domains in comparison with Group 2. We also found significant correlations between the total generic HRQOL scores and HbA(1C) for both parent proxy-reports' Spearman's coefficient of rank correlation rho = -0.257; p = 0.0412 and pediatric patients' Spearman's coefficient of rank correlation rho = -0.269; p = 0.0313. The current findings suggest that poor glycemic control in children with T1DM is associated with lower generic and disease-specific HRQOL scores in developing and transitional countries.

author list (cited authors)

  • Milanović, S. M., Ivanković, D., Fister, K., Poljicanin, T., Brecić, P., & Vuletić, S.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Tahirović, Husref||Toromanović, Alma||Tahirović, Elnur||Begić, Hidajeta||Varni, James W

publication date

  • January 2012