Forced Coefficients for a Short Length, Open-Ends Squeeze Film Damper With End Grooves: Experiments and Predictions
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Copyright © 2015 by ASME. Squeeze Film Dampers (SFDs) are effective to ameliorate shaft vibration amplitudes and to suppress instabilities in rotor-bearing systems. Compact aero jet engines implement ultra-short length SFDs (L/D ≤ 0.2) to satisfy stringent weight and space demands with low parts count. This paper describes a test campaign to identify the dynamic forced response of an open ends SFD (L=25.4 mm, D=125.7 mm), single film land and oil fed through three holes (120° a part), operating with similar conditions as in an aircraft engine. Two journals make for two SFD films with clearances cA=0.129 mm and cB=0.254 mm (small and large). The total oil wetted length equals Ltot=36.8 mm that includes deep end grooves, width and depth = 2.5 × 3.8 mm, for installation of end seals. In the current experiments, the end seals are not in place. A hydraulic static loader pulls the bearing cartridge (BC) to a preset static eccentricity (eS) and two electromagnetic shakers excite the BC with single frequency loads to create circular orbits, centered and off-centered, over a prescribed frequency range ω=10-100Hz. The whirl amplitudes range from r=0.05cA-0.6cA and r=0.15cB-0.75cB while the static eccentricity increases to eS=0.5cA and eS=0.75cB, respectively. Comparisons of force coefficients between the two identical dampers with differing clearances show that the small clearance damper (cA) provides ∼4 times more damping and ∼1.8 times the inertia coefficients than the damper with large clearance (cB). The test results demonstrate damping scales with ∼1/c3 and inertia with ∼1/c, as theory also shows. Analysis of the measured film land pressures evidence that the deep end grooves contribute to the generation of dynamic pressures enhancing the dynamic forced response of the test SFDs. A thin film flow model with an effective groove depth delivers predictions that closely match the test damping and inertia coefficients. Other predictions, based on the short length bearing model, use an effective length Leff ∼1.17L to deliver damping coefficients 15% larger than the experimental results; however, inertia coefficients are 1/2 of the identified magnitudes. The experiments and analysis complement earlier experimental work conducted with centrally grooved SFDs.
author list (cited authors)
San Andrés, L., Jeung, S., & Bradley, G.