Accurate Surface Chemistry beyond the Generalized Gradient Approximation: Illustrations for Graphene Adatoms. Academic Article uri icon


  • Simulations of surface chemistry often use density functional theory with generalized gradient approximations (GGAs) for the exchange-correlation functional. GGAs have well-known limitations for gas-phase chemistry, including underestimated reaction barriers, and are largely superseded by meta-GGAs and hybrids. Our simulations of O and Li adatoms on graphene add to a growing body of evidence that GGAs have similar limitations on surfaces and that meta-GGAs and screened hybrids are computationally feasible for such systems. Meta-GGAs and screened hybrids systematically improve accuracy, just as they do for gas-phase chemistry, motivating their continued exploration in surface chemistry.

published proceedings

  • J Chem Theory Comput

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Janesko, B. G., Barone, V., & Brothers, E. N

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Janesko, Benjamin G||Barone, Veronica||Brothers, Edward N

publication date

  • November 2013