Band-sensitive seizure onset detection via CSP-enhanced EEG features Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This paper presents two novel epileptic seizure onset detectors. The detectors rely on a common spatial pattern (CSP)-based feature enhancement stage that increases the variance between seizure and nonseizure scalp electroencephalography (EEG). The proposed feature enhancement stage enables better discrimination between seizure and nonseizure features. The first detector adopts a conventional classification stage using a support vector machine (SVM) that feeds the energy features extracted from different subbands to an SVM for seizure onset detection. The second detector uses logical operators to pool SVM seizure onset detections made independently across different EEG spectral bands. The proposed detectors exhibit an improved performance, with respect to sensitivity and detection latency, compared with the state-of-the-art detectors. Experimental results have demonstrated that the first detector achieves a sensitivity of 95.2%, detection latency of 6.43s, and false alarm rate of 0.59perhour. The second detector achieves a sensitivity of 100%, detection latency of 7.28s, and false alarm rate of 1.2per hour for the MAJORITY fusion method.

author list (cited authors)

  • Qaraqe, M., Ismail, M., & Serpedin, E.

citation count

  • 22

publication date

  • July 2015