Raven: Energy Aware QoS Control for DRNs Conference Paper uri icon


  • Disaster Response Networks (DRNs) are disruption tolerant networks designed to deliver mission critical data during disaster recovery, while operating with limited energy resources. While Quality of Service is desired, it is difficult to offer guarantees because of the unpredictable nature of mobility in such DRNs. The variance of the packet delivery delay (PDV, more commonly called jitter), an important QoS metric which in DRNs is measured in tens of minutes instead of milliseconds, has not been sufficiently addressed in recent research. Smartphones used by first responders generate large data workloads, causing the PDV to further degrade. Reducing packet replication at these workloads will lower energy consumption, but reduces the packet delivery ratio (PDR). The complex interplay between these QoS metrics remains unclear, making their control difficult. We present Raven, a routing protocol for DRNs that offers control over QoS, especially the PDV. Stochastic graph theory which deals with probabilistic edge weights having a mean and variance is used to model mobility in the disaster area. A stochastic version of the K-Shortest Paths algorithm routes data over multiple paths simultaneously. Raven has been thoroughly evaluated in simulation using realistic settings. The dynamics between performance and energy consumption is analyzed mathematically, and its control is demonstrated. © 2013 IEEE.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chenji, H., Smith, L., Stoleru, R., & Nikolova, E.

citation count

  • 4

publication date

  • October 2013