HPLC fractionated soluble egg antigen from Schistosoma mansoni elicits a heterogeneous human immune response Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from five chronic schistosomiasis patients, three former patients, a SEA sensitized individual, and normal controls were tested in lymphoblastogenesis assays for their ability to proliferate in response to soluble egg antigen (SEA) and soluble worm antigen preparation (SWAP) from Schistosoma mansoni. Cells from all patients and the SEA sensitized individual gave significantly higher responses than the normal controls when stimulated with SEA and SWAP. However, the chronic patients' SEA responses were much lower than those of the former patients and the SEA sensitized individual. When cells from the same donors were tested in the in vitro granuloma assay, all produced significant granulomatous responses except the normal controls. Once it was established that all individuals in the study gave significant lymphoproliferative responses and granulomatous reactions, SEA was subjected to HPLC fractionation to identify immunogenic protein components of SEA. HPLC separation yielded 25 major fractions. SEA responses from the sensitized individual and former patients exhibited broad, unregulated responsiveness including fractions with neutral, less charged proteins while the chronic patients demonstrated a more restricted range of responsiveness. SEA-HPLC fractions 14, 21, and 22 contain the most immunodominant proteins based on cellular proliferation data from reactive individuals tested.

author list (cited authors)

  • MOYES, R. B., ALVESā€OLIVEIRA, L. F., PARRA, J. C., GAZZINELLI, G., & DOUGHTY, B. L.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • December 1996

publisher