On the Traffic Offloading in Wi-Fi Supported Heterogeneous Wireless Networks Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Heterogeneous small cell networks (HetSNet) comprise several low power, low cost (SBSa), (D2D) enabled links wireless-fidelity (Wi-Fi) access points (APs) to support the existing macrocell infrastructure, decrease over the air signaling and energy consumption, and increase network capacity, data rate and coverage. This paper presents an active user dependent path loss (PL) based traffic offloading (TO) strategy for HetSNets and a comparative study on two techniques to offload the traffic from macrocell to (SBSs) for indoor environments: PL and signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) based strategies. To quantify the improvements, the PL based strategy against the SIR based strategy is compared while considering various macrocell and (SBS) coverage areas and traffictypes. On the other hand, offloading in a dense urban setting may result in overcrowding the (SBSs). Therefore, hybrid traffictype driven offloading technologies such as (WiFi) and (D2D) were proposed to en route the delay tolerant applications through (WiFi) (APs) and (D2D) links. It is necessary to illustrate the impact of daily user traffic profile, (SBSs) access schemes and traffictype while deciding how much of the traffic should be offloaded to (SBSs). In this context, (AUPF) is introduced to account for the population of active small cells which depends on the variable traffic load due to the active users.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Ekti, A. R., Shakir, M. Z., Serpedin, E., Qaraqe, K. A., & Imran, M. A.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Ekti, Ali Riza||Shakir, Muhammad Zeeshan||Serpedin, Erchin||Qaraqe, Khalid A||Imran, Muhammad A

publication date

  • May 2016