Growth and toxicity of Prymnesium parvum (Haptophyta) as a function of salinity, light, and temperature
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The growth rate, stationary cell concentration, and toxicity of Prymnesium parvum N. Carter were measured using a strain isolated from Texas inland waters. We used a multifactor experimental approach with multiple regression analysis to determine the importance of environmental factors, including temperature, light, and salinity to these algal measurements. Exponential growth rate was unimodal in relation to temperature, salinity, and irradiance, with an estimated maximal growth of 0.94 d -1 occurring at 27C, 22 practical salinity units (psu), and 275 mol photonsm -2 s -1 . Stationary cell concentrations also had unimodal responses to temperature and salinity but increased with irradiance. Maximal cell concentrations were estimated to occur at 26C and 22 psu. Both maximum growth rate and highest stationary cell concentrations were measured at levels of each factor resembling warm, estuarine conditions that differ from the conditions under which blooms occur in inland waters in the southwestern United States. Acute toxicity to fish was highest at the lowest salinity and temperature levels, conditions not optimal for exponential growth but similar to those under which blooms occur in inland waters. Our results imply that summer blooms could occur in inland waters of the southwestern United States. Generally, they have not, suggesting that factors other than those investigated in this research influence bloom dynamics. 2007 by the Phycological Society of America.
author list (cited authors)
Baker, J. W., Grover, J. P., Brooks, B. W., Urena-Boeck, F., Roelke, D. L., Errera, R., & Kiesling, R. L.
complete list of authors
Baker, Jason W||Grover, James P||Brooks, Bryan W||Urena-Boeck, Fabiola||Roelke, Daniel L||Errera, Reagan||Kiesling, Richard L