FACTORS INFLUENCING PRYMNESIUM PARVUM POPULATION DYNAMICS DURING BLOOM INITIATION: RESULTS FROM IN-LAKE MESOCOSM EXPERIMENTS Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The alga Prymnesium parvum forms large fish-killing blooms in many Texas lakes. In some of these lakes, however, P. parvum occurs but does not develop blooms. In this study, we investigated factors that may influence bloom initiation by conducting a series of in-lake experiments involving mixing of waters from Lake Whitney, which has a history of P. parvum blooms, with waters from Lake Waco where no blooms have occurred. In all experiments, the addition of Lake Waco waters resulted in a poorer performance of P. parvum. Various experimental treatments and field data show that differences in grazing, pathogens, nutrients, and salts between the two lakes were not likely factors that contributed to this observation. Industrial and agricultural contaminants, allelochemicals and algicidal chemicals were not measured as a part of this research. However, anthropogenic contaminants other than nutrients were not observed at levels exceeding water quality standards in Lake Waco in recent years. On the other hand, nuisance cyanobacteria are common in Lake Waco, where Microcystis sp. and Anabaena sp. were abundant during the initiation of our experiments, both taxa are known to produce chemicals with allelopathic properties. In addition, the emergent field of algal-heterotrophic bacteria interactions suggests that chemicals produced by heterotrophic bacteria should not be overlooked. Further research focusing on the chemical interactions between cyanobacteria and P. parvum, as well as the potential role of algicidal bacteria, in the initiation of P. parvum blooms is necessary, as it may be important to the management of these blooms. 2010 American Water Resources Association.

published proceedings

  • JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION

author list (cited authors)

  • Roelke, D. L., Schwierzke, L., Brooks, B. W., Grover, J. P., Errera, R. M., Valenti, T., & Pinckney, J. L.

complete list of authors

  • Roelke, Daniel L||Schwierzke, Leslie||Brooks, Bryan W||Grover, James P||Errera, Reagan M||Valenti, Theodore W Jr||Pinckney, James L

publication date

  • January 1, 2010 11:11 AM

publisher