Correcting PM10 over-sampling problems for agricultural particulate matter emissions: Preliminary study Academic Article uri icon


  • The Federal Reference Method (FRM) ambient PM10 sampler does not always measure the true PM10 concentration. There are inherent sampling errors associated with the PM10 samplers due to the interaction of particle size distribution (PSD) and sampler performance characteristics. These sampling errors, which are the relative differences between theoretical estimation of the sampler concentration and the true concentration, should be corrected for equal regulation between industries. An alternative method to determine true PM10 concentration is to use the total suspended particulate (TSP) concentration and PM10 fraction of the PSD in question. This article reports a new theoretical method to correct PM10 sampling errors for a true PM10/TSP ratio. The new method uses co-located PM10/TSP samplers' measurements to derive the mass median diameter (MMD) of PSD and true PM10/TSP ratio. Correction equations and charts have been developed for the PMs with GSDs of 1.2, 1.3, ..., 2.1, respectively, and the PM10 sampler with a cutpoint of 10 m and slope of 1.5. These equations and charts can be used to obtain a corrected PM10/TSP ratio for the given GSD and sampler characteristics. The corrected PM10/TSP ratio will be treated as the true PM10/TSP ratio for PM10 concentration calculations. This theoretical process to obtain a corrected PM10/TSP ratio will minimize the inherent PM10 sampler errors and will provide more accurate PM10 measurement for the given conditions. 2005 American Society of Agricultural Engineers.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, L. J., Parnell, C. B., Shaw, B. W., Lacey, R. E., Buser, A. D., Goodrich, L. B., & Capareda, S. C.

complete list of authors

  • Wang, LJ||Parnell, CB||Shaw, BW||Lacey, RE||Buser, AD||Goodrich, LB||Capareda, SC

publication date

  • March 2005