Comparison of dispersion models for ammonia emissions from a ground-level area source Academic Article uri icon


  • Dispersion models are important tools for determining and regulating pollutant emissions from many sources, including ground-level area sources such as feedyards, dairies, and agricultural field operations. This study compares the calculated emission fluxes of ammonia from a feedyard in the Texas panhandle using four dispersion models: Industrial Source Complex Short Term Version 3 (ISCST3), AERMOD-PRIME, WindTrax, and AUSTAL. ISCST3 and AERMOD are Gaussian plume models, while WindTrax and AUSTAL are backward and forward Lagrangian stochastic models, respectively. Identical measured downwind ammonia concentration data were entered into each model. The results of this study indicate that calculated emission rates and/or emission factors are model specific, and no simple conversion factor can be used to adjust emission rates and/or factors between models. Therefore, emission factors developed using one model should not be used in other models to determine downwind pollutant concentrations. 2007 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Faulkner, W. B., Powell, J. J., Lange, J. M., Shaw, B. W., Lacey, R. E., & Parnell, C. B.

publication date

  • January 2007