The recovery of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide from ground-level area sources using dynamic isolation flux chambers: bench-scale studies.
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Controlled bench-scale laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the recovery of ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from dynamic isolation flux chambers. H2S (80-4000 ppb) and NH3 (5000-40,000 ppb) samples were diffused through the flux chamber to simulate ground level area source emissions while measuring the inlet and outlet flux chamber concentrations simultaneously. Results showed that the recovery of H2S during a 30-min sampling time was almost complete for concentrations >2000 ppb. At the lowest concentration of 80 ppb, 92.55% of the H2S could be recovered during the given sampling period. NH3 emissions exhibited similar behavior between concentrations of 5000-40,000 ppb. Within the 30-min sampling period, 92.62% of the 5000-ppb NH3 sample could be recovered. Complete recovery was achieved for concentrations >40,000 ppb. Predictive equations were developed for gas adsorption. From these equations, the maximum difference between chamber inlet and outlet concentrations of NH3 or H2S was predicted to be 7.5% at the lowest concentration used for either gas. In the calculation of emission factors for NH3 and H2S, no adsorption correction factor is recommended for concentrations >37,500 ppb and 2100 ppb for NH3 and H2S, respectively. The reported differences in outlet and inlet concentration above these ranges are outside the fullscale sensitivity of the gas sensing equipment. The use of 46-90 m of Teflon tubing with the flux chambers has apparently no effect on gas adsorption, because recovery was completed almost instantaneously at the beginning of the tests.
author list (cited authors)
Capareda, S. C., Boriack, C. N., Mukhtar, S., Mutlu, A., Shaw, B. W., Lacey, R. E., & Parnell, C. B.
complete list of authors
Capareda, Sergio C||Boriack, Cale N||Mukhtar, Saqib||Mutlu, Atilla||Shaw, Bryan W||Lacey, Ronald E||Parnell, Calvin B