Equilibrium binding studies of a tryptophan-shifted mutant of phosphofructokinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
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A tryptophan-shifted mutant of phosphofructokinase (PFK) from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been constructed. This mutant, which is functionally similar to wild-type, provides the opportunity to examine the allosteric properties of PFK under equilibrium conditions. The unique fluorescence properties of the tryptophan-shifted mutant enzyme, W179F/F230W, have been utilized to deduce the thermodynamics of ligand binding and the allosteric perturbations in the absence of catalytic turnover. Specifically, phospho(enol)pyruvate (PEP) and MgADP binding to the mutant PFK can be directly observed using tryptophan fluorescence, and dissociation constants for these ligands have been measured to be equal to 2.71 +/- 0.04 and 90.4 +/- 3.5 microM, respectively. In addition, the homotropic couplings for the allosteric ligands have been assessed for the first time. PEP binds cooperatively with a Hill number of 2.9 +/- 0.3, while MgADP binding is not cooperative. The equilibrium couplings between these ligands and the substrate fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P) have also been determined and follow the same trends with temperature observed under steady-state kinetic assay conditions using wild-type PFK, indicating that the presence of bound MgATP has little influence on the allosteric interactions. Like wild-type PFK, the coupling free energies for the mutant result from largely compensating enthalpy and entropy components at 25 degrees C. Furthermore, the sign of each coupling free energy, which signifies the nature of the allosteric effect, is opposite that of the enthalpy contribution and is therefore due to the larger absolute value of the associated entropy change. This characteristic stands in direct contrast to the thermodynamic basis of the allosteric response in the homologous PFK from E. coli in which the sign of the coupling free energy is established by the sign of the coupling enthalpy.
author list (cited authors)
Riley-Lovingshimer, M. R., & Reinhart, G. D
complete list of authors
Riley-Lovingshimer, MR||Reinhart, GD