Effects of High Frequency Droplet Train Impingement on Crown Propagation Dynamics and Heat Transfer Academic Article uri icon


  • The objective of this study is to investigate the hydrodynamics and heat transfer phenomena due to high frequency droplet train impingement on a pre-wetted solid surface for electronic cooling applications. The effects of crown propagation dynamics and surface heat transfer were investigated experimentally and numerically. Experimentally, a single stream of mono-dispersed HFE-7100 droplets was generated using a piezo-electric droplet generator at a frequency ( f ) of 6000 Hz with a droplet Weber number (We) of 280. Droplet-induced crater and crown were imaged using a high speed camera system. Numerically, the ANSYS Fluent CFD tool was used to simulate the droplet train impingement process. A reasonable agreement was reached between experimental and numerical data in terms of crown propagation dynamics. Numerical simulations reveal that at the instant of initial spot formation, the magnitude of droplet velocity is almost identical to the crown's radial velocity. The instantaneous temperature field obtained by numerical simulations shows that heat transfer was most effective within the crown propagation region due to the radial momentum generated by the droplets, which leads to a large velocity gradient within the liquid film. A significant increase in surface temperature was observed beyond a radial position of 500 μm. In summary, high frequency droplet impingement leads to a very small temperature gradient in the radial direction within the droplet-induced impact crater. This study will benefit in understanding the relationship between the droplet parameters and surface heat transfer for different cooling applications involving impinging droplets.

author list (cited authors)

  • Muthusamy, J. P., Zhang, T., Alvarado, J., Kanjirakat, A., & Sadr, R.

publication date

  • January 1, 2016 11:11 AM