Analytic solution and pulse area theorem for three-level atoms Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 us. Published by the American Physical Society. We report an analytic solution for a three-level atom driven by arbitrary time-dependent electromagnetic pulses. In particular, we consider far-detuned driving pulses and show an excellent match between our analytic result and the numerical simulations. We use our solution to derive a pulse area theorem for three-level V and systems without making the rotating wave approximation. Formulated as an energy conservation law, this pulse area theorem can be used to understand pulse propagation through three-level media.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Shchedrin, G., O'Brien, C., Rostovtsev, Y., & Scully, M. O.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Shchedrin, Gavriil||O'Brien, Chris||Rostovtsev, Yuri||Scully, Marlan O

publication date

  • December 2015