Multi-Time Scale Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources in Isolated Power Systems Academic Article uri icon


  • 2010-2012 IEEE. In isolated power systems, including microgrids, distributed assets, such as renewable energy resources (e.g., wind and solar) and energy storage, can be actively coordinated to reduce dependency on fossil fuel generation. The key challenge of such coordination arises from significant uncertainty and variability occurring at small time scales associated with increased penetration of renewables. Specifically, the problem is with ensuring economic and efficient utilization of distributed energy resources (DERs), while also meeting operational objectives such as adequate frequency performance. One possible solution is to reduce the time step at which tertiary controls are implemented, and to ensure feedback and look-Ahead capability are incorporated to handle variability and uncertainty. However, reducing the time step of tertiary controls necessitates investigating time-scale coupling with primary controls so as not to exacerbate system stability issues. In this paper, an optimal coordination strategy, which considers multiple time-scales, is proposed for isolated microgrid systems with a mix of DERs. This coordination strategy is based on an online moving horizon optimization approach. The effectiveness of the strategy was evaluated in terms of economics, technical performance, and computation time by varying key parameters that significantly impact performance. The illustrative example with realistic scenarios on a simulated isolated microgrid test system suggests that the proposed approach is generalizable toward designing multi-Time scale optimal coordination strategies for isolated power systems.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mayhorn, E., Xie, L. e., & Butler-Purry, K.

citation count

  • 43

complete list of authors

  • Mayhorn, Ebony||Xie, Le||Butler-Purry, Karen

publication date

  • March 2017