Effect of Cu Content on the Structure, and Performance of Substoichiometric CrN Coatings Academic Article uri icon


  • Cu-Cr-N coatings with Cu contents between 3 and 65 at.%, Cu/Cr ratios in the 0.04-4.5 range and 21-27 at.% N, synthesized by twin electron-beam Physical Vapor Deposition at 450 C, were investigated and compared against substoichiometric Cr-N reference samples. The main objective of this study is to study the influence of Cu on the structure, and the subsequent effects on the mechanical properties, room (22 C) and high temperature (500 and 840 C) tribological performance of Cu-Cr-N coatings. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, glancing angle X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, in combination with nanoindentation mechanical property measurements and laboratory-controlled ball-on-disc sliding experiments, it is shown that Cu-Cr-N coatings with low Cu content (3 at.%) possess sufficient wear resistance for high-temperature demanding tribological applications. The lubricious effect of oxide formation at high temperatures is also evaluated. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.

published proceedings

  • Tribology Letters

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Polychronopoulou, K., Demas, N. G., Gibson, P. N., Rebholz, C., & Polycarpou, A. A.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Polychronopoulou, Kyriaki||Demas, Nicholaos G||Gibson, Peter N||Rebholz, Claus||Polycarpou, Andreas A

publication date

  • April 2010