Accurate approximation of QAM error probability on quasi-static MIMO channels and its application to adaptive modulation
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An accurate approximation for the conditional error probability on quasi-static multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna channels is proposed. For a fixed channel matrix, it is possible to accurately predict the performance of quadrature amplitude modulations (QAM) transmitted over the MIMO channel in presence of additive white Gaussian noise. The tight approximation is based on a simple Union bound for the point error probability in the n-dimensional real space. Instead of making an exhaustive evaluation of all pairwise error probabilities (intractable in many cases), a Pohst or a Schnorr-Euchner lattice enumeration is used to limit the local theta series inside a finite radius sphere. The local theta series is derived from the original lattice theta series and the point position within the finite multidimensional QAM constellation. In particular, we take into account the number of constellation facets (hyperplanes) that are crossing the sphere center. As a direct application to the accurate approximation for the conditional error probability, we describe a new adaptive QAM modulation for quasi-static multiple antenna channels. 2007 IEEE.