Environmental flow requirements in a water availability modeling system Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 Elsevier B.V. The Texas Water Availability Modeling (WAM) System consists of the generalized Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP), which is applicable for river systems located anywhere, and WRAP input datasets for the river basins of Texas. The WRAP/WAM system has been applied for over a decade in planning studies and administration of a water rights allocation system. Environmental flow standards for selected river systems in Texas have recently been established through a legislatively mandated process based on flow regimes with subsistence, base, pulse, and overbank flow components that describe the magnitude, frequency, duration, and timing of flows required to maintain sound ecosystems. WRAP and WAM capabilities for integrating environmental flow requirements in water allocation and associated water availability modeling have been greatly expanded as necessary to implement the new environmental flow standards. The modeling system and lessons learned in its implementation in Texas are relevant elsewhere.

published proceedings

  • Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology

author list (cited authors)

  • Wurbs, R. A., & Hoffpauir, R. J.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Wurbs, Ralph A||Hoffpauir, Richard J

publication date

  • January 2017