Hyperbaric oxygen downregulates ICAM-1 expression induced by hypoxia and hypoglycemia: the role of NOS. Academic Article uri icon


  • Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is being studied as a therapeutic intervention for ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We have developed an in vitro endothelial cell model of I/R injury to study the impact of HBO on the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) adhesion. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) and bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) induction of ICAM-1 required simultaneous exposure to both hypoxia and hypoglycemia as determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy, ELISA, and Western blot. HBO treatment reduced the expression of ICAM-1 to control levels. Adhesion of PMNs to BAECs was increased following hypoxia/hypoglycemia exposure (3. 4-fold, P < 0.01) and was reduced to control levels with exposure to HBO (P = 0.67). Exposure of HUVECs and BAECs to HBO induced the synthesis of endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). The NOS inhibitor nitro-L-arginine methyl ester attenuated HBO-mediated inhibition of ICAM-1 expression. Our findings suggest that the beneficial effects of HBO in treating I/R injury may be mediated in part by inhibition of ICAM-1 expression through the induction of eNOS.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Cell Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Buras, J. A., Stahl, G. L., Svoboda, K. K., & Reenstra, W. R.

citation count

  • 158

complete list of authors

  • Buras, JA||Stahl, GL||Svoboda, KK||Reenstra, WR

publication date

  • February 2000