Method of Studying Palatal Fusion using Static Organ Culture. Academic Article uri icon


  • Cleft lip and palate are among the most common of all birth defects. The secondary palate forms from mesenchymal shelves covered with epithelium that adheres to form the midline epithelial seam (MES). The theories suggest that MES cells follow an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), apoptosis and migration, making a fused palate (1). Complete disintegration of the MES is the final essential phase of palatal confluence with surrounding mesenchymal cells. We provide a method for palate organ culture. The developed in vitro protocol allows the study of the biological and molecular processes during fusion. The applications of this technique are numerous, including evaluating responses to exogenous chemical agents, effects of regulatory and growth factors and specific proteins. Palatal organ culture has a number of advantages including manipulation at different stages of development that is not possible using in vivo studies.

published proceedings

  • J Vis Exp

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Ibrahim, I., Serrano, M. J., & Svoboda, K.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Ibrahim, Isra||Serrano, Maria Juliana||Svoboda, Kathy KH

publication date

  • September 2015