Nucleotide sequence and molecular evolution of two tomato genes encoding the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase
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We have isolated and sequenced two cDNA clones (LESS5 and LESS17) encoding the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). At the nucleotide level, the protein-coding regions of these genes are 85% conserved, while the untranslated 3' regions are only 55% conserved. Comparison with rbcS genes from other species of Solanaceae suggests that the tomato LESS5 gene, the Nicotiana tabacum NTSS23 gene and the Petunia hybrida SSU8 gene are orthologous members of the rbcS gene family. In addition, the tomato gene LESS17, and the Petunia hybrida gene SSU611, may also be orthologous, since their untranslated 3' regions are related. There is a large difference between the two tomato rbcS genes in the frequency of the CG dinucleotide. This difference may reflect different levels of methylation, and therefore expression, of the tomato genes. Many of the differences involving the CG dinucleotide can be represented as transitions between C and T on the noncoding strand. Such changes are consistent with observations that methylated cytosines are hot-spots for transitions.
author list (cited authors)
McKnight, T. D., Alexander, D. C., Babcock, M. S., & Simpson, R. B.
complete list of authors
McKnight, TD||Alexander, DC||Babcock, MS||Simpson, RB