The economic impact of foot and mouth disease control and eradication in the Philippines. Academic Article uri icon


  • The authors evaluate the impact of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and control of the disease in the Philippines using cost-benefit analysis. A scenario in which FMD control is maintained at recent levels with continued presence of the disease is compared to scenarios in which a publicly funded programme achieves eradication by 2005 (current policy objective), 2007 and 2010. Under varying assumptions regarding the development of exports of livestock products following eradication, estimated benefit-cost ratios for the investment in eradication range from 1.6 (2010, no exports) to 12.0 (2005, export of 5,000 tons each of low-value and high-value livestock products annually), indicating eradication to be an economically viable investment. The commercial swine sector is estimated to capture 84% of the benefits generated by the public investment in eradication, versus 4% by backyard swine producers. The implications of these results within the context of regional efforts to control FMD in South-East Asia are explored.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Randolph, T. F., Perry, B. D., Benigno, C. C., Santos, I. J., Agbayani, A. L., Coleman, P., Webb, R., & Gleeson, L. J.

citation count

  • 21

publication date

  • December 2002


  • Animals
  • Cost-benefit Analysis
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Foot-and-mouth Disease
  • Philippines
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases
  • Vaccination