The 1 < z < 5 Infrared Luminosity Function of Type I Quasars Academic Article uri icon


  • We determine the rest-frame 8 m luminosity function of type I quasars over the redshift range 1 < z < 5. Our sample consists of 292 24 m sources brighter than 1 mJy selected from 7.17 deg2 of the Spitzer Space Telescope MIPS survey of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey Bootes field. The AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey (AGES) has measured redshifts for 270 of the R < 21.7 sources, and we estimate that the contamination of the remaining 22 sources by stars and galaxies is low. We are able to select quasars missed by ultraviolet excess quasar surveys, including reddened type I quasars and 2.2 < z < 3.0 quasars with optical colors similar to main-sequence stars. We find that reddened type I quasars comprise 20% of the type I quasar population. Nonetheless, the shape, normalization, and evolution of the rest-frame 8 m luminosity function are comparable to those of quasars selected from optical surveys. The 8 m luminosity function of type I quasars is well approximated by a power law with index -2.75 0.14. We directly measure the peak of the quasar space density to be at z = 2.6 0.3. 2006. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • The Astrophysical Journal

author list (cited authors)

  • Brown, M., Brand, K., Dey, A., Jannuzi, B. T., Cool, R., Le Floch, E., ... Weedman, D.

citation count

  • 77

complete list of authors

  • Brown, Michael JI||Brand, Kate||Dey, Arjun||Jannuzi, Buell T||Cool, Richard||Le Floc’h, Emeric||Kochanek, Christopher S||Armus, Lee||Bian, Chao||Higdon, Jim||Higdon, Sarah||Papovich, Casey||Rieke, George||Rieke, Marcia||Smith, JD||Soifer, BT||Weedman, Dan

publication date

  • February 2006