The Population of BzK-selected ULIRGs at z ~ 2
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We investigate the multiwavelength emission of BzK-selected star-forming galaxies at z 2 in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) North region. Most (82%) of the sources are individually detected at 24 m in the Spitzer MIPS imaging, and one-fourth (26%) in the VLA radio data. Significant detections of the individually undetected objects are obtained through stacking in the radio, submillimeter, and X-ray domains. The typical star-forming galaxy with stellar mass 1011 M at z = 2 is an ultraluminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG), with LIR (1-2) 1012 L and star formation rate SFR 200-300 M yr-1, implying a comoving density of ULIRGs at z = 2 at least 3 orders of magnitude above the local one. SFRs derived from the reddening-corrected UV luminosities agree well, on average, with the longer wavelength estimates. The high 24 m detection rate suggests a relatively large duty cycle for the BzK star-forming phase, which is consistent with the available independent measurements of the space density of passively evolving galaxies at z > 1.4. If the IMF at z = 2 is similar to the local one, and in particular if it is not top-heavy, this suggests that a substantial fraction of the high-mass tail ( 1011 M) of the galaxy stellar mass function was completed by z 1.4. 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.