Strongly anisotropic flux pinning in superconducting Pb82Bi18thin films covered by periodic ferromagnet stripes
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We have studied the vortex pinning via their magnetic interaction with a periodic structure of parallel magnetic stripes. Superconducting Pb82Bi18alloy films were covered by an insulating Ge layer and a periodic Ni array of magnetic stripes was fabricated on the top of the Ge layer by electron-beam lithography and thermal evaporation. The critical current density was significantly stronger when the current was applied parallel to the stripes than when the current was perpendicular to the stripes. This is attributed to the barrier to the vortex motion provided by the magnetic interaction with the magnetic stripes. The enhancement in critical current was most significant at temperatures close to the superconducting transition temperature. 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Superconductor Science and Technology
author list (cited authors)
Ye, Z., Lyuksyutov, I. F., Wu, W., & Naugle, D. G.
complete list of authors
Ye, Zuxin||Lyuksyutov, Igor F||Wu, Wenhao||Naugle, Donald G