Trophoblast IFN-τ Differentially Induces Lymphopenia and Neutropenia in Lambs Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Type I interferons (IFN), including IFN-alpha and IFN-beta, cause severe lymphopenia, resulting from altered lymphocyte recirculation and redistribution. IFN-tau, a product of trophectoderm of ruminant conceptuses and new member of the type I IFN family has not been examined for its effect on leukocyte recirculation. Additionally, differential effects of type I IFNs on the redistribution and recirculation of subsets of T cells have not been reported. The present study determined the effects of IFN-tau on the redistribution and recirculation of ovine leukocytes and T cell subsets. Total peripheral blood leukocytes, lymphocytes, and segmented neutrophils were reduced (p < 0.05) following treatment of lambs with IFN-tau. Furthermore, administration of IFN-tau caused an acute, differential reduction in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells (p < 0.05), CD5+ cells (p < 0.05), and gammadelta TCR+ (p < 0.01) T cells but had no effect on CD8+ T cells (p > 0.05). IFN-tau reduced the percentage of gammadelta T cells by 8-fold and that of CD4+ T cells and CD5+ cells by <2-fold in peripheral blood when compared with control lambs. The reduction in leukocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils was observed as early as 6-12 h after administration of IFN-tau, but levels returned to control values within 48 h. These results indicate that IFN-tau, like other members of the type I IFN family, can have immediate effects on leukocyte recirculation and redistribution. The present study is the first to demonstrate that IFN-tau differentially regulates T cell recirculation with the greatest effect on gammadelta TcR+ T cells.

author list (cited authors)

  • Tuo, W., Brown, W. C., Roger, E., Zhu, D., Lin, G., Smith, R., & Bazer, F. W.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • September 1998