Breakup of radioactive nuclear beams at intermediate energies as indirect method for nuclear astrophysics Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • © 2008 American Institute of Physics. We discuss the use of one-nucleon removal reactions of loosely bound nuclei at intermediate energies as an indirect method in nuclear astrophysics. These breakup reactions are good spectroscopic tools and can be used to study a large number of loosely bound proton- or neutron-rich nuclei over a wide range of beam energies. They are peripheral processes that can be used to extract asymptotic normalization coefficients (ANC) from which direct capture proton reaction rates of astrophysical interest can be calculated parameter free. We emphasize the importance of reaction model calculations and of exclusive measurements to check them. We review several cases: the breakup of 8B, 9C, 15C and 23Al. Firrst we review how we have used the data for the breakup of 8B at energies from 30 to 1000 MeV/nucleon on light and heavy targets to extract the astrophysical factor S17(0) = 18.7±1.9 eVb for the key reaction for solar neutrino production. Glauber model calculations in the eikonal approximation and in the optical limit using different effective NN interactions were found to give consistent, though slightly different results, for both 8B and 9C cases, enabling also us to evaluate the precision of the method. The third case is that of a neutron-rich nucleus and the ANC alone does not lead to unambiguous estimates of the associated (n,γ) capture reaction. The 23Al case is that of an sd-shell nucleus, suspected of halo properties, for which our recent GANIL experiment revealed a complex configuration mixing in its ground state. The method outlined here has the big advantage that it can be used for beams of low quality, such as cocktail beams, and intensities as low as a few pps. As such it is very appropriate for the existing and future radioactive beam facilities. The breakup reactions are therefore complementary or a very good alternative to the use of proton and neutron transfer reactions (the ANC method) which require radioactive nuclear beams of much better purity and intensity.

author list (cited authors)

  • Trache, L., Carstoiu, F., Gagliardi, C. A., Tribble, R. E., & Banu, A.

publication date

  • January 1, 2008 11:11 AM

publisher

  • AIP  Publisher