Cell-fractionation analysis of glucan synthase I and II distribution and polysaccharide secretion in soybean protoplasts : Evidence for the involvement of coated vesicles in wall biogenesis.
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The organelles of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) protoplasts were separated using a recently developed procedure which allows rapid (3-h) recovery of a fraction enriched for coated vesicles (CVs). As determined by marker-enzyme enrichment and ultrastructural analysis of isolated membrane fractions, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi membranes, glucan-synthase-II (EC 126.96.36.199)-containing membranes (putative plasma membrane), mitochondria, and CVs were enriched in separate fractions in a sucrose density gradient. Glucan synthase I (EC 188.8.131.52) had the highest specific activity in the Golgi-enriched and CV-enriched fractions and was found to comigrate with CVs upon rate-zonal centrifugation of a CV-enriched fraction. For further elucidation of the role of these latter organelles in cell-wall regeneration, freshly isolated protoplasts were pulsed with [(3)H]glucose for 20 min, and the disappearance of label from the organelles was followed for the ensuing 1 h. Although a CV-enriched fraction contained glucan synthase I, it contained very small amounts of labelled polysaccharide during the period of study. Pulse-chase experiments with [(3)H]glucose helped to confirm the role of the Golgi apparatus in secretion of matrix polysaccharides by protoplasts.
author list (cited authors)
Griffing, L. R., Mersey, B. G., & Fowke, L. C.
complete list of authors
Griffing, LR||Mersey, BG||Fowke, LC