Design of matching networks for low noise preamplifiers. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This paper discusses matching networks that minimize inductive coupling between the antennas within an array while simultaneously insuring minimum noise contributions from preamplifiers. Typical low noise preamplifier designs require a strong mismatch between the source impedance and the amplifier input impedance (reflection coefficient close to one) to achieve optimal noise performance. This is in contrast to the familiar impedance match known from communication theory where input and source impedances have complex conjugate values for maximizing the power transfer from source to amplifier. The high input reflection coefficient of low noise amplifiers can be exploited to reduce antenna currents by using lossless impedance transformations to create a high impedance at the coil terminals while simultaneously maintaining a low noise figure for the amplifier. The networks presented here constitute an improvement over previous work because they give additional freedoms regarding the values of the network components and the amplifier input impedance. The technique has been formalized and coded in MathCad, making the design of realizable networks a simple process.

author list (cited authors)

  • Reykowski, A., Wright, S. M., & Porter, J. R

complete list of authors

  • Reykowski, A||Wright, SM||Porter, JR

publication date

  • January 1, 1995 11:11 AM

publisher