Cytogenetic Analysis of Chromosomal Intermediates from a Hybrid Zone Between Two Chromosome Races of the Sceloporus grammicus Complex (Sauria, Phrynosomatidae)
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Underdominance for chromosomal rearrangements is the central assumption of several models of chromosomally based speciation including the cascade model, proposed for the Sceloporus grammicus complex. Several cytotypes of the S. grammicus complex hybridize at localities in central México. A hybrid zone between two of the most chromosomally divergent races (= cytotypes) of S. grammicus (F5, 2n = 34 and FM2, 2n = 44-46) was examined to assess the meiotic effects of heterozygosity at multiple chromosomes. Meiosis was examined in males heterozygous for "simple" Robertsonian fissions at chromosomes 1, 3, 4, and 6 and/or a pericentric inversion at chromosome 4. Analysis of synaptonemal complexes and chromosomal configurations at diakinesis showed trivalent formation in fission heterozygotes and heterosynapsis (lack of reverse-loop formation) in an inversion heterozygote. Analysis of metaphase II configurations revealed primarily balanced segregation and low levels of nondisjunction regardless of chromosomal background. The lack of underdominance associated with "simple" fission heterozygosity in this narrow hybrid zone contradicts the key premise of most chromosomally based models of speciation.
author list (cited authors)
Reed, K. M., Greenbaum, I. F., & Sites, J. W.