Synaptic adjustment in Peromyscus beatae (Rodentia: Cricetidae) heterozygous for interstitial heterochromatin
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Chromosomal pairing and chiasma formation were studied two individuals of Peromyscus beatae heterozygous for the presence of a large block of interstitial heterochromatin. Although the modified chromosome was of medium size, analysis of C-banded diakinetic configurations revealed that it was the homolog of one of the smallest autosomes. Analysis of silver stained synaptonemal complexes indicated that synapsis was either unidirectional from initiation at one set of telomeres or was bidirectional from initiation at both sets of telomeres. Each pattern resulted in characteristic heteromorphic pairing configurations (interstitial asynapsis or terminally positioned unpaired segments) in early pachynema. These configurations underwent synaptic adjustment and, by mid-pachynema, the lateral elements of the polymorphic bivalent either appeared typical of homomorphic bivalents or exhibited regional heteropycnosis in one or both axes. Synaptonemal complex data for Peromyscus and many other mammalian species reflect an apparent need for fully paired, linear bivalents prior to the end of pachynema.
author list (cited authors)
Sudman, P. D., Greenbaum, I. F., Hale, D. W., & Smith, S. A.