Prioritizing regular demand while reserving capacity for emergency demand Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 Elsevier B.V. and Association of European Operational Research Societies(EURO)with in the International Federation of Operational Research Societies(IFORS).All rights reserved. This research is motivated by the capacity allocation problem at a major provider of customized products to the oil and gas drilling industry. We formulate a finite-horizon, discrete-time, dynamic programming model in which a firm decides how to reserve capacity for emergency demand and how to prioritize two classes of regular demand. While regular demand can be backlogged, emergency demand will be lost if not fulfilled within the period of its arrival. Since backlogging cost accumulates over time, we find it optimal for the firm to adopt a dynamic prioritization policy that evaluates the priorities of different classes of regular demand every period. The optimal prioritization involves metrics that measure backlogging losses from various perspectives. We fully characterize the firm's optimal prioritization and reservation policy. Those characterizations shed light on managerial insights.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Hu, X., Li, Y., Byon, E., & Lawrence, F. B.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Hu, Xinxin||Li, Ying||Byon, Eunshin||Lawrence, F Barry

publication date

  • January 2015