Rigor in cross-cultural nursing research. Academic Article uri icon


  • With the increasing number of cross-cultural nursing studies, many scholars have suggested methods for conducting cross-cultural research. However, rigor in cross-cultural research has rarely been addressed. In this paper, five evaluation criteria for rigor in cross-cultural nursing research are proposed based on a review of the literature related to cross-cultural research published from 1965 to 2003. The proposed evaluation criteria include: (a) cultural relevance; (b) contextuality; (c) appropriateness; (d) mutual respect; and (e) flexibility. We advocate that these evaluation criteria be used to ensure rigor of cross-cultural nursing research, whether quantitative or qualitative work.

author list (cited authors)

  • Im, E., Page, R., Lin, L., Tsai, H., & Cheng, C

complete list of authors

  • Im, Eun-Ok||Page, Robin||Lin, Li-Chen||Tsai, Hsiu-Min||Cheng, Ching-Yu

publication date

  • January 1, 2004 11:11 AM