A Preliminary Flow Visualization Study in a Multiple Disk Centrifugal Artificial Ventricle
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Flow patterns in a multiple disk centrifugal pump were analyzed so that the device could be incorporated as a ventricular assist or a bridge-to-transplant device. The pump operates either in pulsatile or steady flow modes with the ability to change modes within a fraction of a second. The pump was tested on a mock circulatory system consisting of an arterial fluid capacitor, a systemic resistor, and a venous capacitor. Arterial volume flow rate, arterial pressure, inlet (venous) pressure, and pump rotation speed are continually monitored. A glycerin/water solution is used as a blood analog. Flow visualization was performed with a 3 mW yellow laser, sheet lens, neutrally buoyant amberlite particles, and both still and motion picture photography. Flow patterns matched theoretical predictions very well; inlet flow spread radially outward through the disk annular spaces while propelled by shear and centrifugal forces.
author list (cited authors)
Miller, G. E., Madigan, M., & Fink, R.