Music for Anxiety Reduction and Performance Enhancement in Nursing Simulation Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning. Background: Performance anxiety related to nursing simulation can potentially impede student learning. Method: This study employed a randomized control group pretest-posttest design to examine the effect of music listening on anxiety, self-efficacy, and performance among baccalaureate nursing students undergoing simulation testing (N = 38; Mage = 23.05, standard deviation = 3.41). Results: Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and state-trait anxiety scores were significantly lower in the experimental group, F(3, 35) = 6.55, p = .02, 2 = 0.27, whereas instructor performance ratings were significantly higher than the control condition (p = .009). No differences were seen on self-efficacy scores (p = .37). Conclusions: The intervention has the potential to reduce anxiety, improve performance, and facilitate learning in simulation testing experiences.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Gosselin, K. P., Holland, B., Mulcahy, A., Williamson, S., & Widacki, A.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Gosselin, Kevin P||Holland, Brian||Mulcahy, Angela||Williamson, Sara||Widacki, Alexis

publication date

  • January 2016