Numerical and experimental investigations of crown propagation dynamics induced by droplet train impingement
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2015 Elsevier Inc. In this study, hydrodynamics of HFE-7100 droplet train impinging on a pre-wetted solid surface was investigated experimentally and numerically. Experimentally, single stream of mono-dispersed droplets were produced using a piezoelectric droplet generator with the ability to adjust parameters such as droplet impingement frequency, droplet diameter and droplet velocity. Crown propagation events were imaged using a high-speed camera system given the high-frequency of droplet impingement. Relationships between droplet-induced crown propagation and crater formation were investigated experimentally. The high-frequency droplet impingement process was simulated numerically using CFD tool. Crown propagation dynamics were evaluated and analyzed experimentally and numerically, with reasonable agreement between the two methods. A revised theoretical crown propagation model based on numerical results is proposed in this paper, which takes into account the impinged liquid velocity distribution and film thickness at the moment of initial spot formation. The revised theoretical crown propagation model gives predictions with improved accuracy, which are in better agreement with the numerical results.